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Tuesday, December 20, 2011

Hanumatodi

Hanumatodi is the 8th melakartha raagam.

  It is the equivalent of Bhairavi of Hindustani Music and Natakokilam of Tamil music. There are about a 100 janya raagams to this parent scale. G and N should be sung with vibratos/gamakams/meend/briga. It should be however noted that Thodi of hindustani music stands for Shubha panthuvarali of carnatic music. There is lot of scope for improvizations and alapanas. There are many compositions in this raaga.Some of the janya raagas of this parent scale are as follows:
1)Janatodi-SR1G2M1PD1N2S SN2D1PM1G2R1S
2)Amritha dhanyasi-SR1G2M1PN2S  SN2PM1G2R1S
3)Asaveri-SR1M1PD1S SN2SPD1M1PR1G2R1S
4)Bhanuchandrika-SM1D1N2S SN2D1M1G1S
5)Bhadratodi-SR1G2M1D1S SN2D1PG2S
6)Bhoopalam-SR1G2PD1S SD1PG2R1S
7)Chandrikatodi-SG2M1PD1S SD1PM1G2S
8)Deshikatodi-SG2M1PD1N2S SN2D1PM1G2R1S
9)Dhanyasi-SG2M1PN2S SN2D1PM1G2R1S
10)Divyamalati-SG2M1PD1N2S SN2D1PM1G2S
11)Ghanta-SG2R1M1PN2S SN2D1PM1G2R1S
12)Kalasaveri-SR1G2PN2S SN2PG2R1S
13)Kanakasaveri-SR1M1PD1S SN2D1PM1G2R1S
14)Nagavarali-SR1G2M1PM1D1N2S SN2D1PM1G2R1S
15)Prabhupriya-SG2M1PD1S SD1PM1G2S
16)Punnagatodi-N1SR1G2M1P PM1G2R1SN2D1
17)Punnagavarali-N2SR1G2M1PD1N2 N2D1PM1G2R1SN2
18)Shravanamaalika-SG2M1PD1N2S SN2D1PM1G2R1S
19)Sowjanya-SR1M1D1S SD1M1R1S
20)Shuddha Semmanthini-SR1G2M1PD1S SD1PM1G2R1S
21)Shuddha Todi-SR1G2M1D1N2S SN2D1M1G2R1S
22)Swarnamalli-SG2M1PD1N1S SN2D1PM1G2R1S

There are many compositions in this raaga. Some of them are as follows:
1)Saridisha(varnam)-chhapu-Swathi Thirunal
2)Koluvamaragada-aadi-Tyagaraja
3)Kamalambike-Rupakam-Muthuswamy Deekshithar
4)Ninne Namminanu-Chapu-Shyama Shyastrigal
5)Sarasijanabha-Chapu-Swathi Thirunal
6)Ganalola-Aadi-Chinnaswamy Deekshithar
7)Appane Kaapalli-Rupakam-Kooteswara Iyer
8)Paradevathe-Aadi-Irayiamman Thampi
9)Thaye Yeshoda-Aadi-Oothukadu Shrinivasa Iyengar
10)Hakali Theerumo-Aadi-Papanasham Shivan





          

Senavati

Senavati is the 7th Melakartha  Raaga. 

S R1 G2 M1 P D1 N1 S            S N1 D1 P M1 G2 R1 S


 It  is also known as Senagrahi  in the asampoorna mela system. There is a janya raaga in the name of Senagrahi. Senavati is a rare melakartha raga.
Some of the janya raagas are:
1) Senagrani  S R1 G2 R1 M1 G2 M1 P N1 D1 S          S N1 D1 P M1 G2 M1 G2 R1 S
2) Bhogi              S G2 M1 P D1 N1 D1 S                           S N1 D1 P M1 G2 S
3) Chittakarshini  S R1 G2 M1 D1 S                                     S D1 M1 G2 R1 S
4) Navarasa Mala   S R1 G2 M1 P D1 S                              S N1 D1 P M1 R1 S
5) Sindhu Gowri     S R1 G2 M1 P D1 N1 S                         S N1 D1 M1 G2 M1 R1 S
Some of the compositions are are  follows:
1)Jaalamela roopathe -aadi-balamuralikrishna
2)Jnanambike Palayamaam-Thi.Ekam-Muthuswamy Deekshithar
3)Nee Samugaamu-Aadi-Pallavi Shesha Iyer   

Saturday, December 17, 2011

Tanaroopi

Tanaroopi is the 6th Melakartha Raagam
S R1 G1 M1 P D3 N3 S        S N3 D2 P M1 G1 R1 S
Tanaroopi is the 6th Melakartha Raagam among 72 Major scales or Parent Raagas of Carnatic Music.
We can derive the raaga "Kaanthamani" using Shruthi bhedam(modal shifting of tone).Only one janya  ragam is known to me.
1) Tanukeerthi       S R1 M1 P N3 S    S N3 D3 N3 P M1 G1 M1 R1 S
Some of the compositions in this raagam are
1) Shree Rama Sada Bhajeham-Aadi-Balamuralikrishna
2) Vavelavava-Jhumpa-Kooteswara Iyer
3)Chidambara Nataraja-Mishra Ekam-Muthuswamy Deekshithar 

Manavati

Manavati is the 5 th Melakartha Raaga . It is known as Manoranjini according to Deekshithar Sampradayam (system). IT is a rare raagam with rare compositions. According to that system , it is surprisingly believed that it is derived from Kharakharapriya (Kaafi thaat).

S R1 G1 M1 P D2 N3 S         S N3 D2 P M1 G1 R1 S

Some of the raagams derived are as follows:
1) Manoranjini       S R1 M1 P D2 N3 S      S N3 D2 P M1 G1 R1 S
2) Ghanashyamala     S G1 M1 P D2 S         S D2 N3 P M1 G1 R1 S
3) Kunjari           S R1 M1 P D2 P S     S N3 D2 P M1 G1 R1 S

Some of the compositions in this raagam are :
1)Evarithone -Aadi-Tyagaraja
2)Neejabhakthim-Rupakam-Koteesawara Iyer
3)Chithamella Ithlaiyye-Aadi-Pallavi Shesha Iyer
4)Shree Hanumantham-Aadi-Balamuralikrishna
5)Balambike-Mathyam-Muthuswamy Deekshithar  

Vanaspati


Vanaspati

S R1 G1 M1 P D2 N2 S            S N2 D2 P M1 G1 R1 S

Vanaspati is the  4th Melakartha raagam. It has low scope for alapana and improvizations. It has become popular due to Tyagaraja nad Muthuswamy Deekshithar's Compositions. We can derive the raaga " Maararanjini" with Modal Shift of Tone (Shruthibhedam) in Vanaspati. Some of the Janya Raagas derived are as follows:
1)Bhanumati             N2 S M1 P N2 S                S N2 D2 P M1 G1 R1 S
2)Rasali                    S R1 M1 P D2 N2 S          S D2 P M1 R1 S
3)Vanavali                S R1 M1 P D2 N2 S          S D2 P M1 R1 S
4)Vittalapriya           S R1 M1 P D2 S                 S D2 P M1 R1 S
   

Sunday, December 11, 2011

Ganamoorthi


Ganamoorthi is the 3rd melakartha raaga of  the 72 melakartha raagas in in carnatic music.
S R1 G1 M1 P D1 N3 S
S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S

Some of the raagas derived from Ganamoorthi are

1) Ganasamavarali           S R1 M1 P D1 N3 S                  S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S
2) Bhinnapanchamam      S R1 G1 M1  P D1 N3 S            S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S
3) Nadharanjini               S R1 M1 D1 N3 S                      S N3 D1 M1 G1 R1 S
4) Poorvavarali               S R1 M1 P D1 S                         S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S
5) Samavarali                 S R1 M1 P D1 N3 S                   S N3 D1 P M1 G1 R1 G1 S

Ganamoorthy raaga has a very sad bhava or mood. Sustained usage of  G1 , N3 and R1 brings out the essence of this raaga. Muthuswamy Deekshithar had  named this raaga as Ganasaamavarali. This Parent scale has about 30 other janya raagas or derived scaled too. S N3 N3 D1 P P M1 M1 G1 can also be used to bring out the bhava .
Some of the compositions are as follows
1) Ganamoorthe- Aadi-Tyagaraja
2) Shri guruvarasch paahi-Rupakam -Gururaajachar
3) Paahi jagadeeshwari-Triputa-Balamuralikrishna
4) Ma madhura sarasa-aadi-Koteeswara Iyer
5) Shreepathe Premamukha-Rupakam-Veena Sheeshanna   

Thursday, December 8, 2011

Rathnangi

Rathnangi
S R1 G1 M1 P D1 N2 S
S N2 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S

Rathnangi is the second Melakartha Raaga or Parent scale among 72 major parent scales of carnatic music


Some of the Raagas derived from Rathnangi are as follows

1)Phenadhyuti      S R1 M1 P D1 P N2 S  S N2 D1 P M1 G1 R1 S
2)Ganamukhari    S R1 M1 D1 S               S N2 D1 M1 R1 S
3)Rathnavarali     S R1 M1 P N2 D1 S      S N2 P M1 R1 G1 R1 S
4)Revathi            S R1 M1 P N2 S            S N2 P M1 R1 S
5)Shreemani       S R1 G1 P D1 S             S N2 D1 P G1 R1 S
6)Shreemati        S R1 G1 P D1 S             S N2 D1 P G1 R1 S

 This raaga has very few compositions and has a very low scope for alapana and improvizations